Harmony Addictions Clinic Methamphetamine Addiction Treatment Programme
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug. Recovery and rehabilitation from methamphetamine addiction is very possible and there are many inspiring success to have come from Harmony Addictions Clinic. Treatment requires a treatment programme, including medically supervised detox and intense counseling and holding through the initial transition to living clean. Residential Primary Care treatment is essential, with secondary care highly recommended. Call us today! 0861 695 9067.
Information on Methamphetamine/Tik Addiction
What Is Crystal Meth?
The chemical n-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-2-amine is called methamphetamine, methylamphetamine, or desoxyephedrine. The shortened name is simply ‘meth’. When it is in its crystalline form, the drug is called crystal meth, ice, TIK, Tina, or glass. See the table below for other street names of the drug. Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant.
How Is Crystal Meth Used?
Usually crystal meth is smoked in glass pipes, similar to how crack cocaine is used. It may be injected (either dry or dissolved in water), snorted, swallowed, or inserted into the anus or urethra.
Why Is Crystal Meth Used?
Females often take crystal meth because it can cause extremely rapid weight loss. However, the effects are short term. The body builds up a tolerance to the drug so weight loss tapers off and stops around six weeks after taking the drug. Also, weight that is lost is regained once a person stops taking methamphetamine. For these reasons, combined with how addictive the drug is, methamphetamine tends not to be prescribed by doctors for weight loss.
Some people take meth because of the long-lasting high that it gives. Methamphetamine causes numerous neurotransmitters to be released in the brain, producing a sense of euphoria that may last as long as 12 hours, depending on how the drug is taken.
Methamphetamine is popular as a stimulant because it improves concentration, energy, and alertness while decreasing appetite and fatigue.
Methamphetamines are also taken by people who are feeling depressed. They may be taken for their side effect of increasing libido and sexual pleasure.
Common Immediate Effects
- Increased energy and alertness
- Diarrhea and nausea
- Excessive sweating
- Loss of appetite, insomnia, tremors, jaw-clenching
- Agitation, irritability, talkativeness, panic, compulsive fascination with repetitive tasks, violence, confusion
- Increased libido
- Increased blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, blood sugar levels, bronchodilation
- Constriction of the walls of the arterties
- In pregnant and nursing women, methampetamine crosses the placenta and is secreted in breast milk.
Effects Associated with Chronic Use
- Tolerance (needing more of the drug to get the same effect)
- Drug craving
- Temporary weight loss
- Withdrawal symptoms including depression and anhedonia
- “Meth Mouth” where teeth rapidly decay and fall out
- Drug-related psychosis (may last for months or years after drug use is discontinued).
Effects of Overdose
- Brain damage
- Sensation of flesh crawling (formication)
- Paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, tension headache
- Muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis) which can lead to kidney damage or failure
- Death due to stroke, cardiac arrest or elevated body temperature (hyperthermia)
Amphetamine, dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine are collectively referred to as amphetamines. Their chemical properties and actions are so similar that even experienced users have difficulty knowing which drug they have taken. Amphetamine was first marketed in the 1930s under the name, Benzedrine, in an over-the-counter inhaler to treat nasal congestion. By 1937, amphetamine was available by prescription in tablet form and was used in the treatment of the sleeping disorder, narcolepsy, and something called minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), which today is called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
During World War II, amphetamine was widely used to keep the soldiers going. During this period, both dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and methamphetamine (Methedrine) became easily available. As use of amphetamines spread, so did the tendency to become addicted. Amphetamines became a cure-all for helping truckers to complete their long routes without falling asleep, for weight control, for helping athletes to perform better and train longer, and for treating mild depression. Intravenous amphetamine abuse spread among a subculture known as “speed freaks.” As time went on, it became evident that the dangers of abuse of these drugs outweighed most of their therapeutic uses.
Today, most amphetamines distributed to the black market are produced in clandestine laboratories.
Methamphetamine use has spread to all areas of the United States and continues to be on an upswing.
Identifying Suspected Meth Use
A methamphetamine-induced “high” artificially boosts self-confidence. Many users are overcome by a so-called “superman syndrome”. In this state, methamphetamine abusers ignore their physical limitations and try to do things which they are normally incapable of doing. Meth is highly addictive because people often continue using the drug to avoid an inevitable crash that comes when the drugs’ positive effects begin to wear off. Even first-time users experience many of meth’s negative effects. Methamphetamine’s negative effects include, but are not limited to, the following: Hyperactivity, irritability, visual hallucinations, auditory hallucinations (“hearing voices”), suicidal tendencies, aggression, suspiciousness, severe paranoia, shortness of breath, increased blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, stroke, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, long periods of sleep (“crashing” for 24-48 hours or more), prolonged sluggishness, severe depression, weight loss, malnutrition, anorexia, itching (illusion that bugs are crawling on the skin), welts on the skin, involuntary body movements, paranoid delusions and a ravenous sexual appetite.
Famous Amphetamine Users
Couldn’t function without daily methylamphetamine injections into his buttocks by his physician, Doctor Morell. He also took cocaine eyedrops.
Anthony Eden MP
British Prime Minister ‘lived on Benzedrine’ throughout the 1952 Suez Crisis.
Hollywood’s favorite drug starlet. Developed an amphetamine addiction after using it to keep her weight down. This soon led to a parallel addiction to barbiturates taken to make sleep possible.
The frantic beat comedian was prescribed benzedrine for narcolepsy, but inevitably acquired a large recreational habit.